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Immigration system: Grattan Institute calls for sweeping changes to simplify visa procedures

Key Point
  • A new report calls for major changes to Australia’s immigration system.
  • The Grattan Institute wants to give permanent residency to all immigrants earning $85,000.
  • It says that the migration system is “obsolete”.
Australia’s immigration system needs sweeping changes to stop the country from becoming a “foreign worker community” and squandering the benefits of skilled foreign workers, says a new report. there is
Grattan Institute warns of onerous visa requirements On the other hand, over-reliance on low-skilled workers drives down wages and leads to exploitation.
The report, which will be submitted to a parliamentary inquiry into Australia’s immigration system, urges the Commonwealth to provide a global of the “best and brightest” people.

This includes eliminating programs that favor older immigrants and streamlining systems that prevent high-income immigrants from staying longer.

Grattan’s director of economic policy programs, Brendan Coates, said Australia’s “complex … outdated” regulations have not kept up with the rapidly changing global economy. .
“This system makes no sense in today’s world. We should not target permanent visas that allow people to stay for decades in shortfalls that tend to last a year or two.” He told SBS News.

“Many of the new professions that require skill building in areas such as cybersecurity are often not even classified as professions by professionals. [Australian Bureau of Statistics], because the job is too new. ”

“Simple system”

A key to the Grattan Institute’s recommendations is significant changes in employer-sponsored visas.
Temporary skilled immigrant visas are currently available only to workers in certain occupations with an annual income of $53,900 or more.
Grattan recommends allowing all employers to permanently sponsor immigrants with $85,000 or more per person, while qualifying all immigrants earning $70,000 or more for temporary sponsorship. increase.

“Moving to a world that selects skilled immigrants based on the wages they earn will result in a simpler system that actually better reflects whether people’s skills are worth it or not,” Coates said. said.

Coates said the system, which Grattan estimates would boost Australia’s budget by $125 billion over 30 years, would give both parties certainty. Employers will find that an $85,000 salary will keep the workers they want, and workers will have a clear path to permanent residency.

The report found that immigrants earning $70,000 or more upon arrival “tend to be larger” in salaries over time. tended to stagnate in low-skilled, low-income sectors that are common in the United States.
Although points-tested visas have been found to be “widely functional,” the report calls for greater emphasis on the skills of secondary applicants, such as spouses and family members.
“There are far more applicants than visas on offer. We need to prioritize either singles or couples who are both highly skilled,” Coates said. I got

Business innovation and investment programs have also been scrapped, and their beneficiaries typically are older and earn less than employer-sponsored immigrants, the report says.

‘Decreased trust’

The Grattan Institute also notes that increasing temporary migration of low-skilled workers to fill labor shortages will reduce wages for low-income Australians, deepen exploitation in industries that depend on them, and It would undermine public confidence in the country’s migration program.”

Labor has committed to have registered nurses in all aged care centers by mid-2023 and expects migration to play a key role in achieving that goal.

The report acknowledges that the care economy may need to increase its intake of unskilled immigrants immediately. But it said it was the only solution to the labor shortage in the long term and urged the government to raise wages in the sector.
“You may want to [boost migration] Short-term, but risky. There is a risk of increasing the risk of exploitation of these workers and depressing wages for Australia’s low-paid and highly feminized care economy workers,” Coates said.

“And you lead us further down the road to a guest worker society.”

https://www.sbs.com.au/news/article/guest-worker-society-calls-for-big-changes-to-australias-migration-system/qfsg0tp22 Immigration system: Grattan Institute calls for sweeping changes to simplify visa procedures

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