Airlines and shipping companies have failed to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and the world is preparing to meet for a critical climate summit, so new efforts to tackle the climate crisis must be strengthened. No, the UN Secretary-General urged.
Antonio Guterres accused the current efforts of being inadequate and warned that it would lead to catastrophic global warming.
He told the Global Sustainable Transport Conference on Thursday:in the meantime [UN] Member States have taken some first steps to address shipping and aviation emissions through the International Civil Aviation Organization and the International Maritime Organization. The current commitment is inconsistent with the 1.5C target of the Paris Agreement. In fact, it is highly consistent with global warming above 3 ° C. “
World leaders and governments around the world will host a two-week crunch summit in Glasgow starting October 31st. Cop26, About the climate crisis. In attendance by representatives of the aviation and shipping industry, international transport was largely spared from previous UN conference surveillance as it was excluded from long-term consultations nearly 30 years ago.
Air and shipping each account for about 3% of the world’s greenhouse gas emissions, and their share is expanding. Both face significant technical challenges in decarbonization. Airplanes currently need high density fuel When The ship runs on dirty heavy oil..
Guterres has determined that the industry should not be allowed to move away from its global obligation to reduce greenhouse gases. He called for further action as an urgent matter, stating: “Adopting a new set of more ambitious and credible goals that are truly in line with the goals of the Paris Agreement must be an urgent priority for both of these institutions. [ICAO and IMO] In the coming months and years. “
He called for zero-emission vessels to be commercially available by 2030 and to be the default option for all companies in order to achieve zero emissions in the shipping sector by 2050. Airlines also need to start using sustainable aviation fuels now. Reduce carbon emissions per passenger by 65% by 2050.
Campaign participants For a long time there was a need to reduce transport and aviation emissions.. Faïg Abbasov, Shipping Director of Transport and Environment thinktank, said: International action on transportation and aviation has been pathetic. We need to stop relying on ineffective IMOs and ICAOs and demand that states take responsibility for all emissions. This is what they applied for in the Paris Agreement. Regional organizations such as the EU have shown that states have sufficient tools to address these emissions at the national level, such as fuel directives and carbon prices. It’s time to use them. “
ICAO has its goals, a 2% improvement in fuel efficiency annually, and Corsia (Carbon Offset and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation)..
The IMO agreed in 2018 to halve transport greenhouse gas emissions by 2050 compared to 2008 levels. An agency, a division of the United Nations, is working to strengthen its commitment by 2023 and may introduce interim measures, including incentives to pursue alternative fuels and other innovative technologies.
An IMO spokesperson told The Guardian: [greenhouse gas] Emissions while also trying to ensure that no country is left behind on this journey. IMO regulation isn’t just about verbal promises. These are binding energy efficiency requirements that are globally enforced on vessels operating around the world. “
She added: “International shipping is an important sector that underpins world trade. There is no doubt that transport needs to be sustainable, and we continue to work towards a common goal, decarbonizing the maritime sector. We must also ensure that the environment is stable by accelerating. “
Guy Platten, Secretary-General of the International Chamber of Shipping, said:This is us Present a roadmap It will double the existing IMO target for how transportation will reach net zero carbon emissions by 2050. “
An ICAO spokesman told the Guardian: [on emissions] It represents a collective agreement of 193 selfish sovereign states to adopt on emission reductions, especially in relation to international legal commitments in air transport. ICAO has been established and funded by the same government to assist in its decision-making with the advice of experts, but the final decisions on standards, goals and policies reached here are always their collective. Diplomatic achievements. “
UN Chiefs Encourage Airlines and Shipping Companies to Do More to Reduce Emissions | Greenhouse Gas Emissions
Source link UN Chiefs Encourage Airlines and Shipping Companies to Do More to Reduce Emissions | Greenhouse Gas Emissions