NSPeople are having a moment to cool haute couture. According to the New York Times, the new status symbols are: Invisible refrigerator.. The rich buy a huge $ 15,000 Sub-Zero refrigerator and stick the panels to fit a custom cabinet. result? It looks like there are no appliances in the house, magically.
There is also a cooling drawer. Drawers are primarily built into kitchen islands, but it is becoming more and more common for ultra-rich people to install drawers in bathrooms for temperature-controlled face creams.
According to The Times, “most people have four, and in some cases six,” cooling turnips in the kitchen, each with a variety of drinks. Rich homes have fewer and fewer freezer, but you may find a small freezer for ice cream. Apparently, the frozen meal is a bit of a pass. “Food freezing is becoming more and more fashionable. People want to eat more organically,” interior designer Martin Lawrence Bullard told the Times. It’s a stance that can be taken today only if they are very confident that they can afford non-corruptive food tomorrow.
I suspect very wealthy people are looking for a small freezer or hidden refrigerator. Because they are on the side of big bottled drinks and big spoilage. Perhaps they just think it looks good.
Designers like Shannon Wolkak, who owns a design company in West Hollywood, agree. Why does the kitchen need to host its own permanent optical illusion? “The kitchen was once hidden. There was a door. It was where you had all your appliances. It was like a workspace. And now the kitchen is more lifestyle. You want it to be clean and seamless, “she told the Times.
Is there an inherent problem with sticking panels to the fridge to make it look like a cabinet? of course not. But the history of cupboards and the appliances snugly sandwiched between them is neither clean nor seamless – and it’s still boiling.
NS Practical theories of kitchen design did not appear until the 20th century. Until then, the kitchen was just a small part of the furniture and stove squeezed into the attic, basement, and poorly ventilated back room. The architect didn’t care about the kitchen because the kitchens of high-end customers were full of servants.
After World War I, the architects behind New Frankfurt, Germany, were tasked with finding ways to build affordable homes by design that promoted community and equality. This time, architects decided to include a kitchen in the buildings of their world. Grete Schüette-Lihotzky, the first female architect in Austria I was in charge of the kitchen.. In a 1997 interview before her 100th birthday, she said: At my mother’s cooked house in Vienna, in Frankfurt I went to Wirtshaus. I designed the kitchen as an architect, not as a housewife. “
She wasn’t a housewife, but that didn’t prevent her from respecting the woman she was a housewife. Lihotzky believed that home work was a real job. She thought it should be treated with professional dignity.
Using research Home Economics Christine Frederick, Lihotzky has created an orderly layout of storage, appliances, and work surfaces. Frederick was a strange and quiet collaborator. While Lihotzky was a passionate communist dedicated to the future of egalitarianism, it is widely believed that Frederick spread the separate territories of men and women in the 20th century. She also influenced her insistence that all mass-produced household items should be separated so that the industry can continue to make mass-produced household items. (This is called planned obsolescence, Tech companies are still doing that.. )
Still, Lihotzky took Frederick’s measurements seriously. Cabinets, shelves, appliances, and worktables were each fixed in place for an accurate fit.
Inspired by the efficiency of the lab, Lihotzky standardized the kitchen workflow and stored it under a cabinet. In 1926 a woman decided to give it dignity and efficiency, so your kitchen looks a bit like a laboratory, with work surfaces and cabinets lined up on the walls.
Lihotzky kitchen Boldly utilitarian. It’s gunmetal green, as research has suggested that flies dislike color. The foam continues stubbornly after working on all surfaces and all cubies. She created the first installed or built-in kitchen with standardized cabinets and standardized liberation. 10,000 Lihotzky Frankfurt kitchens have been built in New Frankfurt.
In 1930, boosted by the success of the kitchen, Rehotsky accepted a committee to assist in the design of the first city of Stalin’s five-year plan. The first plan was to transform the Soviet Union into a great industrial power while creating a collective Soviet culture. She was asked to help design a world where she could nurture Soviet ideals. Lihotzky supported the design of Magnitogorsk, an industrial city built around steel production. Magnitogorsk served as a brilliant example of Soviet hegemony.
While Lihotzky designed a new world, others were conquered for it. People were imprisoned to provide the hard work needed for the Soviet ideals. Agricultural land owned by the peasant class was collected by brutal and bloody powers. People continued to die, but Lihotzky remained.
She finally fled the Soviet Union in 1938 during Stalin’s last Great Purge. Even the architects who helped build Stalin’s world were no longer safe. In 1940, she returned to Vienna to join the resistance to the Nazis. She was captured by the Gestapo and imprisoned for four years. Her liberation was designed by the US military in 1945. Despite the success of the Frankfurt kitchen, Rehotsky was not invited to help rebuild her country after the war. People were too wary of communist design. She spent the rest of her career as a communist government consultant, rationalizing liberation through standardized measures.
NSThe kitchen in Frankfurt aimed to help women inflict pain on the spot. Advertising on American appliances in the 20th century promised to completely free women from suffering. Washing machines, dryers, dishwashers, toasters, refrigerators, waste disposers, and temperature-controlled irons all first appeared in the country in the first half of the century.
Once we were able to mass produce home appliances, we had to sell them. Thanks to planned obsolescence, once sold, it will always be bought again.
In the 1920s and 30s, appliance advertising called appliances “invisible servants.” By the 1950s, the angle of housework help had been dropped in favor of housework pride.The kitchen design is Overtly political again, And the purpose of the house has been recreated.
Historically, housing was a unit of consumption When Manufacture. For example, some homes consume grain while producing children and textiles. In Cold War American propaganda and policy, homes became the sole unit of consumption. The kitchen was the center of consumption for the house. It was a patriotic duty of white women to have a home full of time-saving appliances produced by capitalists. She was supposed to spend her time saving on American female models. It’s a careful, carefree housewife with a pristine child and a pristine home. Her home was a lifestyle, not a workplace.
Marietta Shaginian, 1950s Soviet journalistThe American Kitchen “is ideologically unsuccessful because it was designed to make up for the lack of a place for middle-class” professional housewives “in public, rather than helping working women achieve self-fulfillment. It was called “appropriate”. ” American housewives were not expected or welcomed in public. And they certainly weren’t paid for their work in the private arena. If you decided to prove that consumerism had done her job, you could hardly pay a woman for her job at home.
Some racist white feminist architects envisioned a life without domestic work. They tried to completely free the white women and their homes from the kitchen. The oppression of black and colored women was often an integral part of their design. Early 1900s, Alice Constance Austin I was asked to design a socialist commune for a house without a kitchen. Food is cooked in the central kitchen and sent to the communal patio by a series of underground rails. Laundry is also treated in this way. Paid labor is placed in the central kitchen.
The application to become a member of the commune was open only to white socialists. The founders of the commune didn’t think it was appropriate to mix races in these communities. But there is no way to know what their employment conditions were. Austin’s vision of a hearthless house was never built – the commune collapsed due to lack of water and leadership.
From time to time, homes without a kitchen gained literary support.of Women and economicsCharlotte Perkins Gilman, author of the feminist classic Yellow Wallpaper, said: And their occupancy does not mean “housekeeping”. In such a life, the personality and tastes of the individual blossom more than ever … The individual is in close, direct and lasting relation to the needs and uses of society, and is himself in the social structure. Learn to feel an integral part.
Certainly, in homes without a kitchen, some people still need food. Who are the men and women in the house if they are not doing household chores? Who is dusting the room, which is in contact with the taste of flowers and society itself? For Gilman, this was an “unfulfilled need for labor.” In 1908 she Published a paper in the American Journal of Sociology explaining how to meet that need, “Proposals for the Negroid Problem”. Gilman wrote that the mere facts of black Americans caused “social injuries.” Her “suggestion” to that “problem”? Forced labor corps with uniforms and bases.
She argued that blacks should be “captured by the state” and “participated” in forced labor. “Men, women, children, all must belong” belongs to her “proposed organization”. “Enlistment” is created to engage in the construction of farms, factories, roads and harbors. Gilman proposed that the state build a “training school for domestic services” at each enlistment base. Once trained, “Individuals … may be sent to stay in a satisfactory home service … during probation. Insufficient service will require re-enlistment.” Gilman’s Ideal In a typical world, blacks were “free” to clean Gilman’s house and face slavery.
White communists, white socialists, white feminists, white capitalists, and white supremacists all wanted to design the whole society by designing the kitchen. Each saw the kitchen as having a woman permanently – they disagreed on what that meant. Everything kept a footstep in the understanding of patriarchy, and most were anchored deep within the foundation of racism. None of their blueprints made room for the meaning of work in the kitchen. I almost forgot what it meant and didn’t bother with the features.
It’s time to design the kitchen for the world we designed. woman Traditionally cooked in the kitchen. But they also cried and shouted there. Which work surface best withstands our scratches? Is there a row of cabinets deep enough to hold back our sorrow?
Maybe the rich got it right in their hidden fridge. Why does the substance pretend to match the surface? It never is. We were able to start covering everything with cabinet panels. Sinks, stoves, counters, windows. The new status symbol is the invisible kitchen. Now everything is a cabinet.
This is an edited excerpt of the original feature film. Family culture, Newsletter about the house. Looking for a better job? Here are some suggestions:
Invisible Refrigerator and Cooling Mold: How the Kitchen Is Designed for the Rich | Life and Style
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