If your dog or cat suddenly becomes ill and presents with these symptoms, it may be suffering from a potentially deadly immune condition.
If your dog or cat suddenly becomes ill, your gums turn pale, and you have difficulty breathing, fever, or lethargy, you may be suffering from immune anemia.
This horrifying condition occurs when the animal’s immune system attacks red blood cells, causing anemia and requiring urgent medical attention.
Dr. Magdoline Awad, SMARTdaily’s pet columnist and chief veterinarian at Greencross The Pet Company, addresses this reader’s concerns.
My 6-year-old staff was diagnosed with IMTP last week, then IMHA (Immune Hemolytic Anemia and Thrombocytopenia), and is using steroids to raise PCV (packed red blood cell count) levels. She received a blood transfusion that only temporarily raised her level. I read online that the use of melatonin found in St. John’s Wort has been used with some success with regular treatment. How can I manage this? I talked to two vets about it, neither of whom had heard of treatment. I sent an email to the veterinarian who did the study, but she didn’t give any advice without seeing the dog. That’s impossible because she’s abroad. I’m trying to do anything to give my fur baby the best hope. – Janine
Thank you for your inquiry. This must be a difficult situation for you and your pet. IMTP and IMHA are relatively common illnesses, but they are not yet fully understood and there is no perfect cure.
Steroids are usually the main choice because they are very effective in suppressing inflammation and reducing the destruction of cells in the body itself.
However, as you may know, side effects occur, especially after long-term use.
For this reason, other drugs that suppress the immune system are also used to control these conditions. Melatonin is relatively cheap, but controversial.
The American College of Veterinary Internal Medicine consensus statement suggests that further research is needed to determine if melatonin is effective and how it can be used to treat the disease. I am.
Some over-the-counter formulations of melatonin contain xylitol, which is toxic to dogs.
For these reasons, I will not use it without consulting a veterinarian who knows your dog’s case. The veterinarian may also perform an abdominal ultrasonography or refer you to a specialist.
Making sure that there is no obvious root cause of IMHA / IMTP is the most likely recovery, but in many cases the trigger for the disease is not identified.
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Dog Medical Issues: Dosing Advice for IMTP and IMHA Staff
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