According to a study conducted by CSIRO, the University of Melbourne and Curtin University, DNA testing of Australian honey It can reveal where it was produced and its main source of flowers.
$ 100 Million Australian Honey Industry,which one Export 4,500 tonnes of honey eAha Year, may benefit from survey results Via Honey certification program.. this is Check the composition and origin of commercially available honey flowers.
According to CSIRO, this technology works because honey contains DNA from pollen collected by bees. Environmental studies Dr. Liz Milla, a postdoctoral fellow at the Future Science Platform, said:
“We tested 15 honeys from all over Australia and found that they were mostly eucalyptus and related plants. Myrtaceae “Family,” said Mira.
“We have detected the major flower sources on the label in all commercially produced honey. In 85% of the samples., They were among the top five of the most abundant floral ingredients. All Honey consisted of a mixed floral that reflected the diverse natural diet of honeybees.
“We found that honey from eastern and western Australia can be easily distinguished and that most honey can be classified according to 89 geographically distinct biological regions of Australia of origin., “She said.
A technique called pollen DNA metabarcoding is used to identify plant species. Along That pollen Use Sequence a short DNA stretch and compare it to the reference library.. The library is built using herbarium reference DNA curated by botanical experts in collections such as the Australian National Herbarium.
The DNA-based method is a quick and accurate way to determine the composition of Australian honey flowers.
“Traditional methods of identifying pollen in honey using a microscope are time consuming and require considerable expertise. Australia has a large number of unique plants, often unable to identify them at the species level. Because, “Mira said.
CSIRO is working with partners to create a DNA barcode library of 500,000 Australian species of flora and fauna. This library enables quick and inexpensive environmental monitoring.And A project to study bees.
Pollen DNA metabarcoding can be used not only to confirm the composition and origin of honey, but also done It is used to help bees by monitoring their bee food.
“Making access to nutritious plants for honeybee colonies may help build resistance to colony collapse disorder, a phenomenon affecting bees abroad.” Mira said.
CSIRO researchers are also using this technique to study flowering plants.
“Honeybees are excellent field scientists. They can be used to investigate plant species in remote or hard-to-reach locations. Bees return pollen from plants to their nest boxes and we can identify plants from honey. “I will.” Mira said.
CSIRO is working with partners to increase global export revenues from Australian food products through tools and technologies that verify the quality, safety and quality of Australian food products. “Clean and green“ Credentials via Trusted Agrifood Export mission under development.Mission details available so https://www.csiro.au/en/about/challenges-missions..
The paper “Pollen DNA Metabarcoding Identifyes Australian Honey Region Sources and High Plant Diversity” was published. Ecology and evolution by Liz Milla, Kale Sniderman, Rose Lines, Mahsa Mousavi-Delaz Mahare Francisco Encinas Viso.. It Available at http://doi.org/10.1002/ece3.7679..
CSIRO reveals honey origin and spurs potential certification programs
Source link CSIRO reveals honey origin and spurs potential certification programs