Australians have lost millions of years of healthy living due to injuries and illnesses, a significant portion of which should have been avoided.
Although Australians lost 5 million years of healthy life due to illness and injury in 2018, coronary heart disease remains the highest burden of illness.
The burden of illness, which measures the effects of living with illness or injury and dying prematurely, is being tracked by the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare.
The biggest burdens in 2018 were coronary heart disease, lower back pain, dementia, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and lung cancer.
Australians have had fewer years of losing a healthy life with coronary heart disease, but they were still a major cause of the country’s illness burden.
The survey also revealed a clear contrast between urban and rural areas. In remote and very remote areas, the total burden in 2018 was 1.4 times that of major cities.
This study measured the number of years of healthy life Australians lost due to 219 illnesses and 40 risk factors.
Chronic illnesses such as cancer, musculoskeletal conditions, cardiovascular disease, psychiatric disorders and substance use disorders were the heaviest burdens in Australia in 2018.
However, the authors said that more than one-third of the disease burden is preventable.
Studies have shown that correctable risk factors such as tobacco use and overweight such as obesity may have avoided or reduced 38% of the burden.
Other risk factors that were most burdensome were diet-related, hypertension, and alcohol intake.
Differences in disease burden between states and regions were most pronounced in the Northern Territory, which has a higher burden than other jurisdictions.
Large inequality was also seen in socio-economic groups and remote areas.
Overall, the health of the Australian population has improved over the 15 years from 2003 to 2018.
However, in 2018, men experienced more burdens and lost a total of about 267,000 years more healthy lives than females.
It is a heavy burden for men to die from illness or injury, and a heavy burden for women to live with illness.
Burden rates increase with age, and older Australians experience a significant proportion of their total burden, despite their small population.
Initially published as follows Australia lost 5 million years of healthy life in 2018, studies show
Australians have lost millions of years of healthy living due to the burden of illness
Source link Australians have lost millions of years of healthy living due to the burden of illness